Ephesus Ancient City
The ancient city of Ephesus, known as Efes in Turkish, is located in the Selçuk district of Izmir, Turkey. It is a significant archaeological site and a popular tourist attraction. During ancient times, Ephesus thrived as an important trading center and port city in the Lydia and Roman periods.
Ephesus was founded by the Lydians in the 6th century BCE. It later came under the rule of the Persians, Macedonians, and the Kingdom of Pergamon. In 133 BCE, it fell under the control of the Roman Empire and experienced a period of great wealth and significance during the Roman era.
The city housed many notable structures during the ancient period. One of the most important structures was the Temple of Artemis. As one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, this temple was constructed in the 6th century BCE. However, only its remnants have survived to this day.
Other significant structures include the Great Theatre, the Library of Celsus, the Temple of Hadrian, the Trajan Fountain, and the Agora. The Great Theatre is a magnificent structure that could accommodate around 25,000 people and is still used for concerts and events. The Library of Celsus, one of the largest libraries of the ancient world, had the capacity to hold 12,000 scrolls.
Ephesus is also notable for being the location of the House of the Virgin Mary. According to Christian belief, it is where the Virgin Mary spent her final days. As a result, it is an important pilgrimage site for Christians.
In 2015, Ephesus was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Visitors come to Ephesus to explore the ancient ruins, see the historical structures, and experience the atmosphere of the ancient Roman period. Additionally, the Ephesus Museum displays artifacts found in the ancient city and can be visited to gain further knowledge about Ephesus.
The ancient city of Ephesus is one of Turkey's most important archaeological sites, renowned for its rich history and impressive ruins. It offers visitors a unique experience and a glimpse into the ancient Roman era.