Ephesus Ancient City

Ephesus Ancient City: Meeting Point of History and Culture

The Ancient City of Ephesus is an ancient city of great importance in terms of history and culture, located in the west of Turkey, within the borders of the Selçuk district of Izmir province. Ephesus, which is on the world heritage list with its thousands of years of history, continues to fascinate its visitors with its rich history, archaeological ruins and impressive architecture.


Ephesus, B.C. It was founded by the Lydians in the 6th century. Afterwards, it came under the domination of various civilizations such as Persians, Macedonians and the Kingdom of Pergamon. B.C. It came under the control of the Roman Empire in 133 and gained great wealth and importance during the Roman period. Ephesus was an important port city and one of the largest cities in Anatolia in ancient times. Ephesus, which was under the influence of many civilizations such as the Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire, experienced its brightest periods during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Ephesus, also known as the place where St. John is located, also has great importance in Christian history. The Ancient City of Ephesus hosts many archaeological ruins that have been well preserved until today.

The city hosted many important buildings in ancient times. One of the most important buildings is the Temple of Artemis. This temple, considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, dates back to B.C. It was built in the 6th century. However, only ruins have survived to the present day. Other important buildings include the Grand Theatre, Celsius Library, Hadrian's Temple, Trajan's Fountain and the Agora. The Grand Theater is a magnificent structure that can seat approximately 25,000 people and is still used for concerts and events. The Library of Celsius was one of the largest libraries in the ancient world and could house 12,000 manuscripts.

Ephesus also draws attention for hosting the House of Virgin Mary. According to Christian belief, Virgin Mary spent her last days here. Therefore, it is an important visiting point for Christian pilgrims.

 Here are some important places you should see in Ephesus:

Grand Theatre: One of the most eye-catching structures of Ephesus, the Grand Theater is an impressive structure dating back to ancient times.

Liman Street: Ephesus was once an important port city, and Liman Street is an area that reflects this historical importance.

Mary Church: Mary Church, which is an extremely important place for Christians, is located in the north of Liman Street.

Agora: You can visit Agora, the heart of Ephesus' social and commercial life.

Marble Street: Marble Street, one of the main roads of the ancient city, will make you feel the historical atmosphere.

Celsus Library: One of the most famous buildings of Ephesus, the Celsus Library attracts attention with its magnificent architecture.

Temple of Hadrian: Located in Ephesus and dedicated to the Roman Emperor Hadrian, this temple fascinates visitors with its magnificent structure.

Hillside Houses: Hillside Houses, the houses where rich and noble Romans lived, are one of the most interesting parts of the ancient city.

Temple of Artemis: Considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Temple of Artemis is another must-see structure in Ephesus.

In addition to these unique structures, the Ancient City of Ephesus also contains many historical artifacts and natural beauties. It is a place not to be missed for history lovers.

Cultural Events

The Ancient City of Ephesus attracts attention not only with its historical riches but also with its cultural activities. The annual Ephesus Festival offers a program full of concerts, theatrical performances and other artistic events in the ancient theatre. These events, which take place in the historical atmosphere of the Ancient City of Ephesus, offer visitors the opportunity to experience unforgettable moments.

Visitor Experience

Ephesus Ancient City welcomes thousands of local and foreign visitors every year. Visitors can freely wander around the ancient city, explore historical buildings and take guided tours. In addition, the Ephesus Museum is an important cultural center where artifacts found in the ancient city are exhibited and offers visitors the opportunity to explore the history of Ephesus in more depth.

Ephesus Ancient City is one of the most important historical and archaeological centers of Turkey. Fascinating its visitors with its rich historical heritage, impressive architecture and cultural events, Ephesus offers an unforgettable experience and carries the traces of ancient times to the present day. We invite everyone to discover the fascinating atmosphere of Ephesus and journey into the depths of history.